Community counseling: an opportunity and challenge (Indonesian and American perspective)

Budi Astuti, Universitas Negeri Yogykarta, Indonesia


The purpose of this article is to explore the opportunity and challenge of implementing community counseling from Indonesian and American perspective. This article used a literature study approach. The literature study was conducted by reviewing books, journals, and research results publications from 2000 to 2017 and previous publications related to community counseling. Data analysis techniques in this study are quantitative data analysis techniques and qualitative data analysis techniques. This article concluded that the possible opportunity that can be applied to meet the challenge faced in achieving the optimization of the implementation of community counseling in Indonesia and America. Community counseling in the Indonesian perspective has the opportunity to be applied in formal and non-formal setting, but the challenge needs to be the provision of professional human resource and system support. Community counseling in the American perspective has the opportunity for rapid development in non-formal setting, but the challenge lies in the complexity of cultural issue and group identity.



community counseling, opportunity, challenge

Full Text:



Ampuni, S. (2005). Developing culturally-relevant counseling In Indonesia. Buletin Psikologi, 13(2), 91–103. Retrieved from

Berry, J. W., Poortinga, Y. H., Segal, M. H., & Dasen, P. R. (2002). Cross-cultural psychology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Blocher, D. H. (1974). Developmental counseling. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Depdiknas. (2007). Penataan pendidikan profesional konselor dan layanan bimbingan dan konseling dalam jalur pendidikan formal. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Diniaty, A. (2013). Peluang dan tantangan pelayanan konseling pada setting masyarakat di Indonesia (perspektif dari perkembangan konseling setting masyarakat di Amerika). Jurnal Konseling dan Pendidikan, 1(1), 27–35. Retrieved from

Frese, F. J., Stanley, J., Kress, K., & Vogel-Scibilia, S. (2001). Integrating evidence-based practiced and the recovery model. PSYCHIATRIC SERVICES, 52(11).

Gibson, R. L., & Mitchell, M. H. (2011). Bimbingan dan konseling (1st ed.). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, Celeban Timur UH III/548 Yogyakarta 55167.

Gladding, S.T. (2018). Counseling: A Comprehensive profession. Eighth edition. New York: Pearson.

Gollnick, D. M., & Chinn, P. C. (2013). Multicultural education in a pluralistic society. United States: Pearson.

Gysbers, N. C., & Henderson, P. (2012). Developing and managing: your school guidance and counseling program.

Hershenson, D. B., Power, P. W., & Waldo, M. (2003). Community counseling contemporary theory and practice. Waveland Pr Inc (April 1, 2003).

Ife, J., & Tesoriero, F. (2014). Community development: alternatif pengembangan masyarakat di era globalisasi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Jordan, J. V. (2009). Relational-cultural therapy. American Psychological Association (APA); 1 edition (September 1, 2009).

Kartadinata, S. (2005). Arah dan tantangan bimbingan dan konseling profesional: historik-futuristik dalam buku pendidikan dan konseling di era global karya Djawad Dahlan. Bandung: Rizqi Press.

Latipun, L. (2015). Konseling komunitas: tantangan bagi konselor di kawasan ASEAN. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Bimbingan Dan Konseling. Profesi Bimbingan Dan Konseling Di Era Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN (MEA). Malang: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.

Lazarus, S., Baptiste, D., & Seedat, M. (2009). Community counselling: values and practices. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 19(3). Retrieved from

Lee, C. C. (2007). Social justice: a moral imperative for counselors. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.

Lewis, J. A. (2011). Community counseling a multicultural-social justice perspective (4th ed.). Belmont, CA : Brooks/Cole, [2010], c2011.

Lewis, J. A., Arnold, M. S., House, R., & Toporek, R. L. (2002). The ACA advocacy competencies. The American Counseling Assosiation.

Lewis, J. A., Dana, R. Q., & Blevins, G. A. (2015). Substance abuse counseling. USA: Cengange Learning.

McDonald, C. P., Chang, C. Y., Dispenza, F., & O’Hara, C. (2019). Multiracial identity, color-blind racial ideology, and discrimination: professional counseling implications. Journal of Counseling and Development, 97(1), 75–85.

Noor, N. M. (2014). Family counseling in Malaysia: current issues and practices. International Education Studies, 7(13), 33–39.

Permendikbud. (2014). Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaaan No. 111 tentang bimbingan dan konseling pada pendidikan dasar dan menengah. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia.

Sangganjanavanich, V.F. & Reynolds, C.A. (2015). Introduction to professional counseling. United States of America: Sage Publications, Inc.

Sanyata, S. (2014). Framework bimbingan dan konseling setting non formal. Proceeding Seminar Nasional FIP UNY 27 September 2014. Retrieved from

Smith, H. L. (2012). The historical development of community and clinical mental health counseling in the United States. Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal, 4(37), 1–10. Retrieved from

Southern, S., Gomez, J., Smith, R. L., & Devlin, J. M. (2010). The transformation of community counseling for 2015 and beyond. Vistas, (2010), 1–12. Retrieved from

Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (2003). Counseling the culturally diverse. Canada: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Suryahadikusumah, A. R., & Yustiana, Y. R. (2013). Bimbingan dan konseling komunitas untuk mendukung positive youth development (Penelitian tindakan partisipatoris bersama Komunitas Schoolzone). Artikel.

Susanto, S., Febrianti, T., & Mulawarman, M. (2017). Multicultural competency of counselor in Indonesia. Proceeding International Seminar on Counselling 2017, (October), 180–184.

Toporek, R. L., & Liu, W. M. (2001). Advocacy in counseling: addressing race, class, and gender. Oppression: Sage.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Supervised by:


Our journal indexed by:


ISSN 2722-6581 (print) || ISSN 2722-2012 (online)

ProgCouns Stats