The effect of theraband rotator cuff strengthening for archery athletes accuracy

Riko Adi Baskoro, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Mugiyo Hartono, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Sri Sumartiningsih, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Dewangga Yudhistira, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia



Archery is an accuracy sport that requires muscle strength to get good accuracy. This study aimed to analyze the effect of theraband rotator cuff strengthening exercise method and the core stability exercise method on the results of archery accuracy for archery athletes in Klaten district. This study used a quasi-experimental method with a two-factorial design. The population of this study were 80 archery athletes in Klaten district who were sampled from the SMART club, the SETRO ARCHERY club, and the SAROTAMA club. The sampling technique used purposive sampling and a total samples were 40 athletes. Data analysis used Analysis of Variance (Anava) at a significance level of α = 0.05. The results are 1) slow and fast theraband rotator cuff strengthening exercise methods were obtained (p=0.843 > 0.05), static and dynamic Core Stability Exercise exercises were obtained (p=0.921 > 0.05), interactions of theraband rotator cuff strengthening exercise methods slow and static core stability exercise obtained value (p=0.978 > 0.05), interaction of slow theraband rotator cuff strengthening exercise method and dynamic core stability exercise obtained value (p=0.986 > 0.05), interaction of fast theraband rotator cuff strengthening exercise method and static core stability exercise value obtained (p=0.978 > 0.05), interaction of fast rotator cuff strengthening theraband exercise method and dynamic core stability exercise obtained value (p=0.978 > 0.05). The conclusions are 1). There is the effect of the rotator cuff strengthening theraband exercise method, slow and fast pulling. 2). There is an influence of static and dynamic core stability exercise methods. 3). Theraband and core stability exercise methods affects the athletes’ accuracy, but there is no significant difference in exercise effect between groups.


theraband; rotator cuff strenghtening; archery accuracy

Full Text:



AAP (American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine, 38 dan National Strength and Conditioning Association).

American Academy Pediatrics. (2008). Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Probiotics for Primary Prevention: No Clinical Effects of Lactobacillus GG Supplementation, Vol 121 no 4

Arumugam, S. (2018). Impact of elastic resistance training on leg strength and shoulder strength among cricket players, Modern perspectives of sports science and yoga for the enhancement of sports performance, Dr.M.Suresh Kumar (Ed.), 66-69, ISBN: 978-93-5300-491.

Aryani, K. D. (2017). Pengaruh Plank Exercise terhadap Daya Tahan Otot Lengan dan Akurasi Memanah Siswa Sekolah Dasar di Kota Yogyakarta. 15, 1–10.

Baskoro, D. A. (2016). Hubungan kekuatan otot lengan, VO2 max dan persepsi kinestetik terhadap akurasi tembakan jarak 50 meter. ACTIVE: Journal of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation, 5(3), 130–133.

Bompa T O. (1994). An Illustration Of The Independence Between The Biomotor Abilitis Periodization of Strenght. Canada: veritas Publishing inc. Toronto

Bompa, T.O. & Buzzichelli, J. (2015). Periodization training for sports (3rd ed.). United States: Human Kinetics.

Brindisino et all. 2020. Conservative management in an elderly woman with proximal humeral head fracture and massive rotator cuff tear who refused surgery: a case report. J. Bodyw. Mov. Ther., 24 (4) (2020), pp. 336-343

Callaway, A. J., Wiedlack, J., & Heller, M. (2017). Identification of temporal factors related to shot performance for indoor recurve archery. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(12), 1142–1147.

Chander, S. (2018). Impact Factor: RJIF 5.24 www.sportsjournal. In Physiotherapy and Physical Education 184 International Journal of Yoga (Vol. 3, Issue 2).

Dhawale, T. (2018). Effect of Upper Extremity Plyometric Training on Strength and Accuracy in Archery Players. Journal of Medical Science And Clinical Research, 6(12).

Ertan, et all. 2003. Activation patterns in forearm muscles during archery shooting. Human Movement Science, Volume 22, Issue 1, February 2003, Pages 37-45.


Guex K, Daucourt C, Borloz S. Validity and reliability of maximal-strength assessment of knee flexors and extensors using elastic bands. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 2015; 24(2): 151-155. 4.

Humaid, H. (2014). Influence of arm muscle strength, draw length and archery technique on archery achievement. Asian Social Science, 10(5), 28–34.

Ilham, M. (2014) Hubungan Konsentrasi Kekuatan Otot Lengan dan Keseimbangan Tangan dengan Ketepatan Memanah. Jurnal Sport Pedagogy Vol. 4. No. 2.

Iversen VM, Mork PJ, Vasseljen O, Bergquist R, Fimland MS. 2017. Multiple-joint exercises using elastic resistance bands vs. conventional resistance-training equipment: A crossover study. European Journal of Sport Science; 17(8): 973-982.

John E. Kuhn. 2009. Exercise in the treatment of rotator cuff impingement: A systematic review and a synthesized evidence-based rehabilitation protocol. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Volume 18, Issue 1, January–February, Pages 138-160.

Kibler WB & Sciascia A. Current concepts: scapular dyskinesis. Br J Sports Med 2010; 44: 300–305

Landers, D. M., Boutcher, S. H., & Wang, M. Q. (1986). A psychobiological study of archery performance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 57(3), 236–244.

Latif. Joseph w. Pain, paresthesia, and the rotator cuff: the prevalence and magnitude of shoulder pain and hand numbness and tingling before and after rotator cuff repair. JSES International. Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2022, Pages 615-622.

Lewis J. 2009. Rotator cuff tendinopathy.British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, pp. 236-241.

Lin yin-liang, karduna Andrew. 2016. Exercises focusing on rotator cuff and scapular muscles do not improve shoulder joint position sense in healthy subjects. Human Movement Science Volume 49, October 2016, Pages 248-257.

Littlewood Chris, Jon Ashton, Ken Chance-Larsen, Stephen May, Ben Sturrock. 2012. Exercise for rotator cuff tendinopathy: a systematic review. Physiotherapy, Volume 98, Issue 2, June 2012, Pages 101-109.

Lin & Karduna. 2016. Exercises focusing on rotator cuff and scapular muscles do not improve shoulder joint position sense in healthy subjects. Human Movement Science. Volume 49, October 2016, Pages 248-257.

Lee, K., & de Bondt, R. (2005). Total Archery. Samick: Sports Co, Ltd

Manske, R.C., Grant-Nierman, M. and Lucas, B., 2013. Shoulder posterior internal impingement in the overhead athlete. International journal of sports physical therapy, 8(2). DOI: 10.2519/jospt.2013.4990

Oliveira. 2021. Acute effect of core stability and sensory-motor exercises on postural control during sitting and standing positions in young adults. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 28, October 2021, Pages 98-103.

Oxford University Hospital (2015) Theraband Strengthening Exercise. Physhiotheraphy Department Oxford University Hospital NHS Trust.

Pallavi Rawat, Charu Eapen, and Kulathuran Pillai Seema. 2017. Effect of rotator cuff strengthening as an adjunct to standard care in subjects with adhesive capsulitis: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Hand Therapy Volume 30, Issue 3, July–September, Pages 235-241.e8.

Putra, G.N. (2017). Meningkatkan daya tahan otot atlet panahan kabupaten sukoharjo melalui circuit-weight training.

Riewald, S., & Snyder, C. (n.d.). The Path to Excellence: A View on the Athletic Development of U.S. Olympians Who Competed from 2000-2012 Sport Performance And Coaching Education Divisions 2014.

Sezer, S. Y. (2017). The Impact of Hand Grip Strength Exercises on the Target Shooting Accuracy Score for Archers. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 5(5), 6.

MacKenzie et. All. 2010. Neuromuscular adaptations following antagonist resisted training. J Strength Condit Res, 24 (1), pp. 156-164. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bd4317

Soylu. all. 2006. Archery performance level and repeatability of event-related EMG. Human Movement Science Volume 25, Issue 6, December 2006, Pages 767-774.

Stoppani, Jim. 2006. Encyclopedia of Muscle and Strenght. USA : Human Kinetics.

Taha, Z., Musa, R. M., P.P. Abdul Majeed, A., Alim, M. M., & Abdullah, M. R. (2018). The identification of high potential archers based on fitness and motor ability variables: A Support Vector Machine approach. Human Movement Science, 57, 184–193.

Ustun, T., & Tasgin, E. (2020). The effect of recreative purpose modern and traditional archery education on attention parameters in adolescents. Journal of Education and Learning, 9(1).

Viswanath Reddy, A., Vengaiah, Bc, & Madhavi, K, (2018). Effect of theraband resistance training versus resistance training using dumbbells on the strength of rotator cuff muscles in male recreational badminton players. International Educational Scientific Research Journal.4 (8), 90-96.

Yaschie, B.T.P.W.B. (2019). Pengaruh Latihan Dumbell-Thera Band terhadap Daya Tahan Otot Lengan dan Akurasi Memanah pada Atlet Panahan. MEDIKORA, vol XVIII no 2.

Yasuda et all. 2010.Effects of low-intensity bench press training with restricted arm muscle blood flow on chest muscle hypertrophy: A pilot study. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 30 (5), pp. 338-343



Copyright (c) 2023 riko adi baskoro

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:


In Collaboration with:


Flag Counter

 View Journal Visitor Stats