DIMENSI KARAKTER DALAM PENILAIAN PROSES BERKARYA SENI LUKIS PESERTA DIDIK SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN

 Trie Hartiti Retnowati, Djemari Mardapi, Bambang Prihadi

Abstract


Penelitian bertujuan menyusun instrumen penilaian nontes berupa penilaian proses berkarya seni lukis yang terintegrasi dengan penilaian karakter, sebagai upaya mempersiapkan peserta didik Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK) menuju dunia kerja. Teknik penilaian yang digunakan berupa teknik observasi, penilaian diri, dan penilaian antarteman. Berdasarkan studi awal terbatas, pada saat ini belum ada intstrumen penilaian proses berkarya seni lukis yang terintegrasi dengan penilaian karakter untuk menilai proses berkarya seni secara objektif dan utuh. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian dan pengembangan dari Borg and Gall yaitu melakukan (1) studi awal untuk menemukan temuan-temuan penelitian yang terkait dengan produk yang akan dikembangkan, (2) pengembangan instrumen penilaian proses berkarya seni rupa, dan (3) pengujian instrumen di lapangan yang hasilnya digunakan untuk perbaikan. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) digunakan untuk penentuan konstruk, kisi-kisi, dan dilakukan telaah item-item instrumen oleh praktisi dan pakar pendidikan seni rupa. Hasil penelitian ini berupa instrumen penilaian proses berkarya seni lukis yang terdiri atas penilaian persiapan dan penilaian pelaksanaan berkarya seni lukis. Penilaian persiapan berkarya seni lukis berupa lembar observasi dengan rubrik penilaian yang mencakup 6 dimensi, yaitu kesiapan mental, kesiapan fisik, kesiapan alat dan bahan melukis, sikap responsif, dan sikap proaktif dan terdiri atas 8 item dengan empat pilihan. Penilaian pelaksaan berkarya seni lukis berupa lembar penilaian antarteman mencakup 4 dimensi, yaitu penuangan ide, pemanfaatan waktu, dan sikap disiplin dan terdiri atas 9 item dengan dua pilihan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penilaian proses berkarya seni rupa dapat melatih pembentukan karakter pada siswa SMK seni rupa, khususnya untuk program studi seni lukis.

Kata kunci: instrumen nontes, berkarya seni rupa, karakter

 

DIMENSIONS OF CHARACTER IN ASSESSMENT OF PAINTING PROCESS OF VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Abstract

The objective of this research is to develop a non-test instrument in the form of assessment of painting process which integrates with character assessment as an effort to prepare students of Vocational High School (SMK) in the work field. Assessment techniques used are in the form of techniques of observation, self assessment, and peer assessment. Based on preliminary studies, there is currently no documented assessment of painting process integrated with character judgment to assess the process of artwork objectively and intactly. This research uses research and development design from Borg and Gall which includes (1) preliminary study to find research findings related to product to be developed, (2) development of assessment instrument of fine arts process, and (3) testing instrument in the field where the results are used for improvement. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is used for the determination of constructions, grids, and the review of instrument items by practitioners and art education experts. The result of this research is the assessment instrument of painting process which consists of the assessment of preparation and the assessment of performance of painting. The assessment of preparation of painting is in the form of observation sheet with rubric assessment covering 6 dimensions, namely mental readiness, physical readiness, preparedness of tools and painting materials, responsive attitude, and proactive attitude and consists of 8 items with four choices. The assessment of performance of painting is in the form of a peer assessment sheet covering 4 dimensions, namely the pouring of ideas, the use of time, and the attitude of discipline and consists of 9 items with two choices. The results showed that the assessment of the process of works of fine arts can train the formation of students characters in vocational high school of fine arts, especially for the study program of painting.

Keywords: non-test instrument, fine arts, character


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References


Borg, W.R. and Gall, M.D. (1983). Educational Research: An Introduction. London: Longman, Inc.

Haertel, Edward H.. (2006). Educational Measurerment. Edited Robert L. Brenan: American Council on Education and Praeger Publlishers.

Samani, Muchlas dan Hariyanto (2011). Konsep dan Model Pendidikan Karakter, Bandung: PT Remaja Rosda Karya.

Tranggono, Indra. (26 April 2010), Pendidikan Karakter. Kedaulatan Rakyat .

Undang-undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/imaji.v15i2.18845

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