KETIKA ORANG SENI MENYOAL MASYARAKAT: TEGANGAN DIALEKTIK ANTARA MOMEN KEINDAHAN DAN KEBENARAN

 Kasiyan Kasiyan

Abstract


Abstrak

Tulisan ini hendak mengedepankan kajian perihal fenomena dialektis antara seni dengan masyarakatnya, yang sampai saat ini kerap menyisakan persoalan secara sosiologis. Sebagai bagian dari entitas sosial yang menyejarah, seni sebagaimana halnya dengan kebudayaan apa pun lainnya, keberadaannya senantiasa berada dalam ruang medan dan sekaligus arena produksi kulturasi, yang secara dialektis membentuk serangkaian proses habituasi kesadarannya yang tak pernah mengenal henti. Di antara sekian pluralitas tegangan pemaknaan terhadap realitas seni di masyarakat tersebut, yakni ketika seni lebih dimaknai sebagai jagad dan momen keindahan yang kemudian menghadirkan konstruksi “realisme sosial” di satu sisi, dan lebih mengedepankan momen kebenaran yang mendorong hadirnya konstruksi “realisme sosialis” di sisi yang lainnya. Dua kutub interseksi pemaknaan seni dan masyarakatnya yang dikotomis ini, sejatinya bisa didamaikan di antaranya dengan perspektif Platonian dan juga Aristotelian, yang konstruksi gagasannya cenderung mengafirmasi kesetaraan antara diktum keindahan dan kebenaran.

Kata kunci: dialektika, seni, masyarakat, momen keindahan, momen kebenaran

 

WHEN ARTISTS ASK QUESTIONS ABOUT SOCIETY: THE DIALECTICAL TENSION BETWEEN MOMENT OF BEAUTY AND TRUTH

Abstract

This paper would like to discuss the dialectical phenomenon between arts and society that until today leaves sociological problems. As a part of a historical social entity, arts similar to other elements of culture is always in the midle of a cultural production area, which dialectically forms a sets of never ending habitual processes of consciousness. One of the tensions of plurality related to the understanding of art reality in the society is the fact that art is interpreted as the universe and moment of beauty which then presents the construction of ‘social realis’ on one side and puts forward the moment of truth encouraging the the appearance of ‘socialist realism’ on the other one. This dichotomy of interpretation of art and its society can be reconciled by means of Platonian perspective and Aristotelian perspective of which its construction of ideas tends to affirmthe dictum of beauty and truth equally

Keywords: dialectics, art, society, the moment of beauty, the moment of truth


Keywords


dialektika; seni; masyarakat; moment; keindahan; kebenaran; dialectics; art; society; beauty; truth

Full Text:

PDF

References


Babuts, Nicolae. 2017. Mimesis in a Cognitive Perspective: Mallarme, Flaubert, and Eminescu. London: Routledge.

Barasch, Moshe. 2000. Theories of Art: From Impressionism to Kandinsky. Volume 3. London: Psychology Press.

Belfiore, E. ý& O. Bennett. 2008. The Social Impact of the Arts: An Intellectual History. Berlin, Germany: Springer.

Bell-Villada, Gene H. 1998. Art for Art’s Sake & Literary Life: How Politics and Markets Helped Shape the Ideology & Culture of Aestheticism, 1790-1990. Lincoln, Nebraska: U of Nebraska Press.

Bosanquet, Bernard. 2015. The Introduction to Hegel’s Philosophy of Fine Art. London: Routledge.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1996. The Rules of Art: Genesis and Structure of the Literary Field. Redwood City, California: Stanford University Press.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 2013. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. London: Routledge.

Butler, Christopher. 2005. Pleasure and the Arts: Enjoying Literature, Painting, and Music. Oxford, England, UK: Oxford University Press.

Caudwell, Christopher. 2015. Romance and Realism: A Study in English Bourgeois Literature. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Cox, Noel 2007. Being and Becoming: the Art of Mental Transformation. Magusmind.com Press. www.magusmind.com

Coulangeon, Philippe & J ulien Duval.2014. The Routledge Companion to Bourdieu’s ‘Distinction’. London: Routledge.

Davis, Michael. 2011. The Soul of the Greeks: An Inquiry. Chicago, USA: University of Chicago Press.

Dutton, Denis. 2009. The Art Instinct: Beauty, Pleasure, & Human Evolution. Oxford, England, U.K.: Oxford University Press.

Fleming, Mike, Liora Bresler, & John O’Toole. 2014. The Routledge International Handbook of the Arts and Education. London: Routledge.

Foster, Arnold W. & Judith R. Blau. 2011. Art and Society: Readings in the Sociology of the Art. New York: Suny Press.

Friedlander, Paul. 2015. Plato: An Introduction. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Gerson, Lloyd P. 1999. Aristotle: Politics, Rhetoric and Aesthetics . Milton Park, Abingdon-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom Taylor & Francis. ISBN. 041514888X, 9780415148887.

Gikandi, Simon. 2012. “Realism, Romance, and the Problem of African Literary History”. Modern Language Quarterly, 2012 Volume 73, Number 3: 309-328. DOI: 10.1215/00267929-1631415.

Golden, Leon. 2017. Aristotle and the Arc of Tragedy. New York: Radius Book Group.

Graham, Gordon. 2006. Philosophy of the Arts: An Introduction to Aesthetics. London: Routledge.

Halliwell, Stephen. 1986. Aristotle’s Poetics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hamedi, Afifeh. 2014. “The Concept of Justice In Greek Philosophy (Plato and Aristotle)”. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, Vol 5 No 27, December 2014. Doi:10.5901/ mjss.2014.v5n27p1163.

Harman, Graham. 2011. Heidegger Explained: From Phenomenon to Thing. Chicago, USA: Open Court Publishing.

Hilgers, Mathieu. 2009. “Habitus, Freedom, and Reflexivity”. Theory & Psychology, Vol. 19, 2009 (6): 728–755. DOI: 10.1177/0959354309345892.

Holt, Claire. 2000. Melacak Jejak Perkembangan Seni di Indonesia. Terjemahan R.M. Soedarsono. Bandung: Masyarakat Seni Pertunjukan Indonesia.

Ihde, Don. 1991. Instrumental Realism: The Interface Between Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Technology. Bloomington, Indiana, USA: Indiana University Press.

Ivan Katchanovski, Zenon E. Kohut, Bohdan Y. Nebesio, & Myroslav Yurkevich. 2013. Historical Dictionary of Ukraine. Lanham, Maryland, USA: Scarecrow Press.

Karyanto, Ibe. 1997. Realisme Sosialis Georg Lukacs. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Kim, Kyung- Man. 2015. Discourses on Liberation: An Anatomy of Critical Theory. London: Routledge.

Kleiner, Fred S. 2009. Gardner’s Art through the Ages: Non-Western Perspectives. Boston, Massachusetts, USA: Cengage Learning.

Kuyper, Abraham. 2009. Lectures on Calvinism. New York: Cosimo, Inc.

Laksana, A. Bagus. 2001. “Estetika Emansipatoris, Meretas Kebuntuan Zaman. Basis, Nomor 09-10, Tahun Ke-50, September-Oktober 2001.

Lazzari, Margaret & Dona Schlesier. 2011. Exploring Art: A Global, Thematic Approach. Boston, Massachusetts, USA: Cengage Learning.

Lizardo, O. 2004, “The cognitive origins of Bourdieu’s Habitus”, Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 375-448. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-5914.2004.00255.x.

L-Maklai, Miklouho. 1988. Menguak Luka Masyarakat: Beberapa Aspek Seni Rupa Indonesia Sejak 1966. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Marx, Karl. 2000. Theories of Surplus Value: Books I, II, and III. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books.

Maxwell, Robert Allan. 2010. Representing History, 900-1300: Art, Music, History. Penn State University Press: University Park, Pennsylvania.

Meinhold, Roman 2015. “Pain and Catharsis in Art, Ritual and Therapy”. Cultural Ontology of the Self in Pain, pp. 93-109. DOI 10.1007/978-81-322-2601-7_5.

McIntyre, P. J., Fulton, & E. Paton, (eds.). 2016. The Creative System in Action: Understanding Cultural Production and Practice. Berlin: Springer.

Nash, Roy.1990. “Bourdieu on Education and Social and Cultural Reproduction”. British Journal of Sociology of Education, Vol. 11, No. 4, (1990), pp. 431-447. URL: http:// www.jstor.org/stable/1392877.

Naziree, Shireen. 2013. Convergence: Past, Reality & Future: Selected Artworks of Petronas Art Collection. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Galeri Petronas.

Palmer, Allison Lee. 2011. Historical Dictionary of Romantic Art and Architecture. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press.

Prettejohn, Elizabeth. 2007. Art for Art’s Sake: Aestheticism in Victorian Painting. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press for The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art.

Protschky, Susie. 2011. Images of the Tropics: Environment and Visual Culture in Colonial Indonesia. Leiden, Netherlands: BRILL.

Read, Herbert . 2000 . Arti Seni dan Problematikanya. Terjemahan Soedarso, Sp. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana Press.

Reader, Lesley & Lucy Ridout. 2002. Bali and Lombok. London, UK: Rough Guides.

Roberts, Alexander (ed.). 2007. The Ante-Nicene Fathers: The Writings of the Fathers Down to A. D. 325 Volume II - Fathers of the Second Century- Hermas, Tatian, Theophilus, Athenago. New York: Cosimo, Inc.

Rothenberg, Julia. 2014. Sociology Looks at the Arts. London: Routledge.

Scaramuzzo, Gilberto. 2016. “Aristotle’s Homo Mimeticus as an Educational Paradigm for Human Coexistence”. Journal of Philosophy of Education. Volume 50, Issue 2, May 2016, Pages 246–260. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9752.12204.

Şenol, Ajda. 2014. “Is Art Mimesis or Creation?”. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 116 (2014) 2866–2870.

Sp., Soedarso. 1988. Tinjauan Seni: Sebuah Pengantar untuk Apresiasi Seni. Yogyakarta: Saku Dayar Sana.

Spielmann, Yvonne. 2017. Contemporary Indonesian Art: Artists, Art Spaces, and Collectors. Singapore: NUS Press.

Stone, David M. 2017. Caravaggio: Reflections and Refractions. London: Routledge.

Vickers, Adrian. 2012. Balinese Art: Paintings and Drawings of Bali 1800-2010. North Clarendon, Vermont: Tuttle Publishing.

Walker, Ray Van De. 2012. How to be Good: The Science of Doing Well. BookBaby.

Wilkinson, Tony J. 2003. Archaeological Landscapes of the Near East. Tucson, Arizona, USA: University of Arizona Press.

Winner, Ellen Thalia R. Goldstein and Stéphan Vincent-Lancrin. 2013. Art for Art’s Sake? The Impact Of Arts Education. Paris, France: OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264180789-en.

Wiryomartono, Bagoes P. 2001. Pijar- pijar Penyingkap Rasa: Sebuah Wacana Seni dan Keindahan dari Plato sampai Derrida. Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

Wolfe, M. Melissa. 2017. George Bellows Revisited: New Considerations of the Painter’s Oeuvre. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Wolff, Janet. 1981. The Social Producton of Art. New York: St. Martin’s Press, Inc.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/imaji.v15i1.15738

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Imaji

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Our Journal has been Indexed by:

 Creative Commons License

website statistics View My Stats