Aulia Majid, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Martinus Heru Palmiyanto, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia


The biomedical field is increasingly developing with the creation of biomaterial dental crown products that can be used if teeth are damaged from an aesthetic perspective. 316L stainless steel is a biomaterial because it has good corrosion resistance and high mechanical characteristics. However, the corrosion resistance and mechanical strength of 316L stainless steel still need to be improved so that it can be a better dental crown material. This research objective is to increase the mechanical value of 316L stainless steel by cold rolling treatment. Variations in reducing thickness by cold rolling consist of 0%, 5%, and 12%. After that, the specimen will be tested for Vickers hardness on the specimen surface and wettability. The results obtained after the treatment were carried out that the greater the variation in reducing the thickness of the specimen, the greater the Vickers hardness value. However, in the wettability test, the contact angle value decreased along with increasing variations in thickness reduction. The increase in surface hardness value is due to the granules becoming denser due to the influence of cold rolling. This reduces the contact angle value so that the value of all variations becomes less than 90˚.


biomaterial, cold rolling, stainless steel 316L, vickers hardness, wettability

Full Text:

36-43 (PDF)


Agarwal, K. M., Singh, P., Mohan, U., Mandal, S., & Bhatia, D. (2020). Comprehensive study related to advancement in biomaterials for medical applications. Sensors International, 1(November), 100055.

Aghamohammadi, H., & Jamaati, R. (2024). Effect of cold single-roll drive rolling on the microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of ferritic stainless steel. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 29(February), 2679–2688.

Bagherifard, S., Slawik, S., Fernández-Pariente, I., Pauly, C., Mücklich, F., & Guagliano, M. (2016). Nanoscale surface modification of AISI 316L stainless steel by severe shot peening. Materials and Design, 102, 68–77.

Cui, C., Duan, X., Collier, B., & Poduska, K. M. (2018). Fabrication and wettability analysis of hydrophobic stainless steel surfaces with microscale structures from nanosecond laser machining. Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing, 6(3), 1–8.

Davis, K. A., Mountain, R. V., Pickett, O. R., Den Besten, P. K., Bidlack, F. B., & Dunn, E. C. (2020). Teeth as Potential New Tools to Measure Early-Life Adversity and Subsequent Mental Health Risk: An Interdisciplinary Review and Conceptual Model. Biological Psychiatry, 87(6), 502–513.

Gao, D., Li, C., Zhang, C., Yang, B., Lin, T., Chen, L., Si, X., Qi, J., & Cao, J. (2023). Microstructure and wettability of the micro-laminated Ti6Al4V/304 stainless steel composite fabricated by diffusion bonding. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 27(October), 3788–3796.

Goharian, A., & Abdullah, M. R. (2017). Bioinert Metals (Stainless Steel, Titanium, Cobalt Chromium). In Trauma Plating Systems: Biomechanical, Material, Biological, and Clinical Aspects. Elsevier Inc.

Jacobs, L. J. M., Atzema, E. H., Moerman, J., & de Rooij, M. B. (2023). Quantification of the In fluence of anisotropic plastic yielding on cold rolling force. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 319(February), 118055.

Liu, J., Dong, L., Li, C., Fang, J., Chen, Y., & Cui, J. (2024). Quasi-static and dynamic tensile behaviour of 316L stainless steels: Rolled versus laser-powder bed fusion (LPBF) fabricated samples. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 190(April), 104972.

Liu, L., Fei, R., Sun, F., Bi, H., Chang, E., & Li, M. (2024). Effect of cold rolling deformation on the pitting corrosion behavior of high-strength metastable austenitic stainless steel 14Cr10Mn in simulated coastal atmospheric environments. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 29(December 2023), 1476–1486.

Lu, L., Yao, W., Xie, Y., Li, K., & Wan, Z. (2021). Study on the wettability of biomimetic stainless-steel surfaces inspired by Bauhinia Linn. leaf. Surface and Coatings Technology, 405(November 2020), 126721.

Mohammadzehi, S., Mirzadeh, H., Sohrabi, M. J., Roostaei, M., & Mahmudi, R. (2023). Elucidating the effects of cold rolling route on the mechanical properties of AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 865(August 2022), 144616.

Pathote, D., Kumari, P., Singh, V., Jaiswal, D., Gautam, R. K., & Behera, C. K. (2023). Biocompatibility evaluation, wettability, and scratch behavior of Ta-coated 316L stainless steel by DC magnetron sputtering for the orthopedic applications. Surface and Coatings Technology, 459(January), 129392.

Poojari, G., Kumar, H., Sampreeth, S., Tharian, T., Makineni, S. K., Singh, S. B., & Kar, S. K. (2024). Effect of prior cold rolling and aging temperature on PH martensitic stainless steel: Evolution of microstructure, micro-texture and austenite stability. Materialia, 33(February), 102040.

Sajid, H. U., & Kiran, R. (2018). Influence of corrosion and surface roughness on wettability of ASTM A36 steels. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 144, 310–326.

Sensoy, I. (2021). A review on the food digestion in the digestive tract and the used in vitro models. Current Research in Food Science, 4(April), 308–319.

Shahmir, H., Al-Asadi, N. K. F., & Bani-Asad, Z. J. A. A. (2024). Comparison of microstructure, mechanical properties and biocompatibility of CoCrFeNiMn high-entropy alloy with 316L stainless steel. Intermetallics, 167(February), 108215.

Singh, R. (2020). Working with metals. Applied Welding Engineering, 93–96.

Sun, J., Jiang, J., Xue, Z., Ma, H., Pan, J., & Qian, K. (2023). Mechanical properties of cracked teeth with different dental materials and crown parameters: An in vitro proof-of-concept. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 145(July), 106045.

Zahir, A., Mahmood, U., Nazir, A., Hussain, T., & Abid, S. (2022). Biomaterials for medical and healthcare products. In Medical Textiles from Natural Resources. Elsevier Ltd.

Zhu, L., Li, K., Yang, X., He, J., Fang, J., Zhang, Z., Guo, M., & Zhang, J. (2024). Tailoring the formability and planar anisotropy of Al-Mg-Si-Cu-Zn alloys via cross hot rolling and two-stage cold rolling. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 985(February), 174089.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Dinamika Vokasional Teknik Mesin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Lisensi Creative Commons 

Jurnal Dinamika Vokasional Teknik Mesin by was distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


View My Stats