ANALISIS KONTRASTIF BAHASA INDONESIA, JAWA, DAN BANJAR SEBAGAI DASAR PENYUSUNAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA PERMULAAN

 Suhardi Suhardi, Joko Santoso

Abstract


This study aims to identify differences and similarities among the Indonesian, Banjarnese, and Javanese languages as a basis for designing a model for Indonesian learning for beginners. Field studies were conducted in Yogyakarta Special Territory
where Javanese is used and in South Kalimantan where Banjarnese is used. The data were collected through interviews, observations, and listening and were analyzed using the contrastive-synchronic technique. The findings show that similarities among the three language lie in the levels of vocabulary, phrase structure, and clause/ sentence structure. In the level of vocabulary, there are similarities in phonological and morphological aspects. In the level of phrase structure, there is a similarity in the head-modifier structure. In the level of clause or sentence, there are similar structures of S-P, S-P-O/Com, and S-P-Adv, showing that the three languages belonging to the group with the S-V-O or S-P-O pattern.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/ltr.v10i2.1160

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