I Wayan Adiyasa, (Scopus ID: 57202403091) Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia


In the future, hoverboards are becoming a widely used means of transportation because they are compact and more practical. The hoverboard is driven by an electric motor with a fairly low power. This paper focuses on the optimization of the hoverboard BLDC motor design. The focus of the design is done by changing the stator slot depth, stator tooth width, number of strands in hand, and number of turns by keeping the fill factor below 40%. Design optimization is carried out to obtain an increase in torque performance and efficiency which has an impact on the output power of the BLDC motor and the thermal increase that occurs. The research shows torque and efficiency improvisation on the redesign of the BLDC hoverboard motor with a power of 350W. The results of the study are comparisons of torque and efficiency from comparisons of electric motor designs. The resulting temperature is analyzed to see the effect of torque, power, and efficiency.


bldc, efficiency, hoverboard, power, torque

Full Text:



Abdolamir Nekoubin. (2011). Design a Single-phase BLDC Motor and Finite Element Analysis of Stator Slots Structure Effects on the Efficiency. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 5(5), 685–692.

Crider, J. M., & Sudhoff, S. D. (2015). An Inner Rotor Flux-Modulated Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine for Low-Speed High-Torque Applications. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 30(3), 1247–1254.

Ghadamyari, M. A., Moallem, M., & Fahimi, B. (2017). Improving the Torque Characteristics of Interior PM Synchronous Motor Using an Asymmetric On-Off Method on the Rotor Surface. Progress In Electromagnetics Research, 54, 55–65.

Hairul, Markori, Indrawasih, & Yahya, S. (2020). Analysis of Performance Test and Consumption of BLDC 350 W Motor Power to Mechanical Vibration with Variation of Speed and Load Variation. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1500(1).

Han, S.-R., Lee, K.-Y., & Jeong, B.-H. (2015). A Study On The Stator Slot Shape Design of BLDC Motor. Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers, 29(5), 41–49.

Haute, S. van, Henneberger, S., Hameyer, K., Belmans, R., de Temmerman, J., & de Clercq, J. (n.d.). Design And Control of a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive for a Hybrid Electric Vehicle.

He, C., & Wu, T. (2018). Permanent Magnet Brushless DC Motor and Mechanical Structure Design for the Electric Impact Wrench System. Energies, 11(6).

Lim, S., Min, S., & Hong, J. P. (2015). Optimal Rotor Design of IPM Motor for Improving Torque Performance Considering Thermal Demagnetization of Magnet. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 51(3).

Liu, X., Chen, H., Zhao, J., & Belahcen, A. (2016). Research on the Performances and Parameters of Interior PMSM Used for Electric Vehicles. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 63(6), 3533–3545.

Purwanto, W., Risfendra, Fernandez, D., Putra, D. S., & Sugiarto, T. (2017). Design and Comparison of Five Topologies Rotor Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor for High-speed Spindle Applications. International Journal of GEOMATE, 13(40), 148–154.

Ren, W., Xu, Q., & Li, Q. (2015). Asymmetrical V-Shape Rotor Configuration of an Interior Permanent Magnet Machine for Improving Torque Characteristics. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 51(11).

Xie, Y., Fu, L., & Ma, Z. (2019). Design and Research of Low-Speed High-Torque Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Outer Rotor. International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS), 1–5.

Yamazaki, K., Kumagai, M., Ikemi, T., & Ohki, S. (2013). A Novel Rotor Design of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors to Cope with Both Maximum Torque and Iron Loss Reduction. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 49(6), 2478–2486.

Yoon, M. H., Kim, D. Y., Kim, S. il, & Hong, J. P. (2015). An Asymmetric Rotor Design of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor for Improving Torque Performance. Journal of Magnetics, 20(4), 387–393.

Yu, J. S., Cho, H. W., Choi, J. Y., Jang, S. M., & Lee, S. H. (2013). Optimum Design of Stator and Rotor Shape for Cogging Torque Reduction in Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors. Journal of Power Electronics, 13(4), 546–551.

Zhang, Z., Yu, S., Zhang, F., Jin, S., & Wang, X. (2020). Electromagnetic and Structural Design of a Novel Low-Speed High-Torque Motor with Dual-Stator and PM-Reluctance Rotor. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 30(4).

Zhentao S. Du, & Thomas A. Lipo. (2018). Torque Ripple Minimization in Interior Permanent Magnet Machines Using Axial Pole Shaping. IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 6922–6929.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi Otomotif

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Indexed by


Supported by:

RJI Main logo

Akreditasi Jurnal




Creative Commons License

Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi Otomotif is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at

JPVO Stats