Kepemimpinan pelatih: berhubungan dengan keterampilan, sikap kerjasama tim dan menghormati pemain sepakbola usia muda

Sulistiyono Sulistiyono, Sigit Nugroho, Tri Winarti Rahayu, Tommy Soenyoto

Abstract


Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan perilaku kepemimpinan pelatih terhadap keterampilan bermain sepakbola pemain sepakbola usia muda. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian korelasional dengan sampel berjumlah 109 pemain sepakbola dengan usia rata-rata 14,7 tahun. Pemain yang dipilih menjadi sampel memiliki syarat-syarat minimal telah 6 bulan dilatih oleh pelatih yang sama secara teratur minimal 3x setiap minggu. Pemain sepakbola berasal dari lima sekolah sepakbola yang berkedudukan di wilayah kabupaten Sleman, Provinsi DIY, Indonesia. Perilaku kepemimpinan pelatih diukur dengan menggunakan alat ukur CBS (Coach Behaviour Scale) dan keterampilan teknik bermain sepakbola diukur dengan tes keterampilan keterampilan teknik bermain sepakbola RMF UNY, dan sikap kerjasama dan hormat pada orang lain diukur dengan lembar pengamatan. Hasil analisis data dengan teknik regresi linier berganda menunjukkan kepemimpinan memiliki hubungan yang dengan keterampilan, sikap kerjasama dan menghormati orang lain. Hubungan antar varibel dalam kategori lemah sehingga implikasi pada masa yang akan datang model pendidikan dan pelatihan pada pelatih sepakbola diperbaiki agar kepemimpinan pelatih  memiliki pengaruh yang kuat terhadap keterampilan dan perilaku pemain sepakbola.

 

Leadership Coach: Its Relationship with Skills, Teamwork, and Respect Attitude Youth Football Player

 

Abstract

The research aims to find out the relationship of coach leadership behavior to the football playing skills of young football players. The study was a correlational study with a sample of 109 football players with an average age of 14.7 years. Players selected into a sample have minimum conditions of having 6 months trained by the same coach regularly at least 3x each week. Football players come from five football schools based in Sleman, DIY Province, Indonesia. The leadership behavior of coaches is measured using CBS (Coach Behaviour Scale) measuring instruments and football-playing technique skills are measured by the RMF UNY football playing technique skills test, and attitude of cooperation and menghormati for others is measured by observation. The results of data analysis with multiple linear regression SPSS 22 techniques show leadership has a relationship with skills, attitudes of cooperation and menghormati for others. Relationships between the varied in categories are weak so that the implications of future models of education and training in football coaches are improved so that coach leadership has a strong influence on the skills and behavior of football players.

Keywords


kepemimpinan, pelatih, keterampilan, sepakbola

Full Text:

PDF

References


Albuquerque, Luis Rogério de, Eduardo Mendonça Scheeren, Renato Rodrigues Biscaia, Gislaine Cristina Vagetti, and Valdomiro de Oliveira. 2021. “Positive Development of Young Futsal Players Is Influenced by the Coach’s Method and Leadership Profile.” International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching 16(3):500–508. doi: 10.1177/1747954120979474.

Anthony, Erica L. 2017. “The Impact of Leadership Coaching on Leadership Behaviors.” Journal of Management Development 36(7):930–39. doi: 10.1108/JMD-06-2016-0092.

Barnat, Wojciech, Zbigniew Jastrzębski, Anna Konieczna, Łukasz Radzimiński, Ewelina Jaskulska, and Marta Bichowska. 2011. “Baltic Journal Of Health And Physical Activity Social, Educational and Sports Character of Football Academy in Malbork.” Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk 3(4):325–32. doi: 10.2478/V10131-011-0032-2.

Brunelle, John, Steven J. Danish, and Tanya Forneris. 2007. “The Impact of a Sport-Based Life Skill Program on Adolescent Prosocial Values.” Applied Developmental Science 11(1):43–55. doi: 10.1080/10888690709336722.

Callow, Nichola, Matthew J. Smith, Lew Hardy, Calum A. Arthur, and James Hardy. 2009. “Measurement of Transformational Leadership and Its Relationship with Team Cohesion and Performance Level.” Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 21(4):395–412. doi: 10.1080/10413200903204754.

Chelladurai, P., and S. D. Saleh. 2016. “Dimensions of Leader Behavior in Sports: Development of a Leadership Scale.” Journal of Sport Psychology 2(1):34–45. doi: 10.1123/jsp.2.1.34.

Clements, Amadeus, and Jon Meyler. 2017. “The Effect of Qualification Level on Soccer Match Coach Behaviour: A Mixed Methods Study.” European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science 3(10):203–11. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.852532.

Cope, Edward, Richard Bailey, Daniel Parnell, and Adam Nicholls. 2017. “Football, Sport and the Development of Young People’s Life Skills.” Sport in Society 20(7):789–801. doi: 10.1080/17430437.2016.1207771.

Côté, Jean, and Wade Gilbert. 2009. “An Integrative Definition of Coaching Effectiveness and Expertise.” International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching 4(3):307–23. doi: 10.1260/174795409789623892.

Cumming, Sean P., Frank L. Smoll, Ronald E. Smith, and Joel R. Grossbard. 2007. “Is Winning Everything? The Relative Contributions of Motivational Climate and Won-Lost Percentage in Youth Sports.” Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 19(3):322–36. doi: 10.1080/10413200701342640.

Cushion, Chris, Paul R. Ford, and A. Mark Williams. 2012. “Coach Behaviours and Practice Structures in Youth Soccer: Implications for Talent Development.” Journal of Sports Sciences 30(15):1631–41. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2012.721930.

Evans, M. Blair, Matthew McGuckin, Heather L. Gainforth, Mark W. Bruner, and Jean Côté. 2015. “Coach Development Programmes to Improve Interpersonal Coach Behaviours: A Systematic Review Using the Re-Aim Framework.” British Journal of Sports Medicine 49(13):871–77. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-094634.

Ferrar, Phil, Lillian Hosea, Miles Henson, Nadine Dubina, Guy Krueger, Jamie Staff, and Wade Gilbert. 2018. “Building High Performing Coach-Athlete Relationships: The USOC’s National Team Coach Leadership Education Program (NTCLEP).” International Sport Coaching Journal 5(1):60–70. doi: 10.1123/iscj.2017-0102.

Gomes, A. Rui, Albino Almeida, and Rui Resende. 2020. “Athletes’ Perception of Leadership According to Their Perceptions of Goal Achievement and Sport Results.” Perceptual and Motor Skills 127(2):415–31. doi: 10.1177/0031512519892384.

Hamstra, Melvyn R. W., Nico W. Van Yperen, Barbara Wisse, and Kai Sassenberg. 2014. “Transformational and Transactional Leadership and Followers’ Achievement Goals.” Journal of Business and Psychology 29(3):413–25. doi: 10.1007/s10869-013-9322-9.

Ivashkevich, OA, PN Gaponik, and AO Koren. 2006. “Transformational Leadership and Sports Performance: The Mediating Role of Intrinsic Motivation†.” Journal of Applied Social … 1521–34.

Jurko, Damir, Mario Tomljanović, and Dražen Čular. 2013. “Initial Validation of Coaching Behavior Scales in Volleyball.” Sport Scientific & Practical Aspects 10(1):47–50.

Kao, San Fu, Chou Yu Tsai, and Robert Schinke. 2021. “Investigation of the Interaction between Coach Transformational Leadership and Coaching Competency Change over Time.” International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching 16(1):44–53. doi: 10.1177/1747954120953946.

Kirk, David, and David Kirk. 2006. “Elite Sport Model or Sport Education ? Framing Quality Physical Education : The Elite Sport Model or Sport Education ?” (October 2014):37–41. doi: 10.1080/1740898042000294985.

Koh, Koon, Masato Kawabata, and Clifford Mallett. 2014. “The Coaching Behavior Scale for Sport: Factor Structure Examination for Singaporean Youth Athletes.” International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching 9(6):1311–24. doi: 10.1260/1747-9541.9.6.1311.

Lee, Younghan, So Hee Kim, and Joon Ho Kang. 2013. “Coach Leadership Effect on Elite Handball Players’ Psychological Empowerment and Organizational Citizenship Behavior.” International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching 8(2):327–42. doi: 10.1260/1747-9541.8.2.327.

Lefebvre, Jordan S., M. Blair Evans, Jennifer Turnnidge, Heather L. Gainforth, and Jean Côté. 2016. “Describing and Classifying Coach Development Programmes: A Synthesis of Empirical Research and Applied Practice.” International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching 11(6):887–99. doi: 10.1177/1747954116676116.

Leite, Nuno, and Jaime Sampaio. 2012. “Long-Term Athletic Development across Different Age Groups and Gender from Portuguese Basketball Players.” International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching 7(2):285–300. doi: 10.1260/1747-9541.7.2.285.

MacDonald, Dany, Jean Côté, and Janice Deakin. 2010. “The Impact of Informal Coach Training on the Personal Development of Youth Sport Athletes.” International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching 5(3):363–72. doi: 10.1260/1747-9541.5.3.363.

Mata, Rui Trocado, and António Rui Da Silva Gomes. 2013. “Winning or Not Winning: The Influence on Coach-Athlete Relationships and Goal Achievement.” Journal of Human Sport and Exercise 8(4):986–95. doi: 10.4100/jhse.2013.84.09.

Newland, Aubrey, Maria Newton, E. Whitney G. Moore, and W. Eric Legg. 2019. “Transformational Leadership and Positive Youth Development in Basketball.” International Sport Coaching Journal 6(1):30–41. doi: 10.1123/iscj.2018-0002.

Nicholls, Adam R., Dave Morley, and John L. Perry. 2016. “Mentally Tough Athletes Are More Aware of Unsupportive Coaching Behaviours: Perceptions of Coach Behaviour, Motivational Climate, and Mental Toughness in Sport.” International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching 11(2):172–81. doi: 10.1177/1747954116636714.

Partington, M., and C. Cushion. 2013. “An Investigation of the Practice Activities and Coaching Behaviors of Professional Top-Level Youth Soccer Coaches.” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 23(3):374–82. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2011.01383.x.

Podsakoff, Philip M., Scott B. Mackenzie, and William H. Bommer. 1996. “Transformational Leader Behaviors and Substitutes for Leadership as Determinants of Employee Satisfaction, Commitment, Trust, and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors The Dangers of Poor Construct Conceptualization View Project Off Duty Deviance View Proj.” Journal of Management 22(2):259–98.

Rigoni, Patrícia Aparecida Gaion, Isabella Caroline Belem, and Lenamar Fiorese Vieira. 2017. “Systematic Review on the Impact of Sport on the Positive Youth Development of High Performance Athlets.” Journal of Physical Education (Maringa) 28(1):1–13. doi: 10.4025/jphyseduc.v28i1.2854.

Turnnidge, Jennifer, and Jean Côté. 2017. “Transformational Coaching Workshop: Applying a Person-Centred Approach to Coach Development Programs.” International Sport Coaching Journal 4(3):314–25. doi: 10.1123/iscj.2017-0046.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jorpres.v18i1.46354

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Jorpres (Jurnal Olahraga Prestasi)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

  

 

Flag Counter

Jorpres Stats