EVALUASI TREND KUALITAS PENDIDIKAN DI INDONESIA

Sabar Budi Raharjo

Abstract


Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk memperoleh informasi tentang tanggapan dan kelayakan satuan pendidikan terhadap penerapan delapan standar nasionalpendidikan (SNP), trend kuantitas dan kualitaspendidikan, status akreditasi sekolah, tingkat pemenuhan, rasional dan tanggapan terhadap SNP, urutan delapan standar nasional yang harus dicapai, standar nasional yang paling sulit dicapai, tingkat kepuasan peserta didik terhadap pelayanan sekolah dan hambatan-hambatan dalam mencapai SNP. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah dengan Focus Group Discussion (FGD) dan studi dokumentasi. Data hasil FGD dianalisis secara kualitatif dan data hasil mengedarkan instrument dianalisis secara kuan-titatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, setiap satuan pendidikan memberi tanggapan yang positif dan layak untuk menerapkan standar nasional pendidikan. Kualitas lulusan dan persentase lulusan cenderung naik. Jumlah sekolah yang terakreditasi yang terbanyak adalah nilai B, de-ngan tingkat pemenuhan delapan standar nasional untuk SD 73,55%, SMP 85,97%, SMA 77,07% dan SMK 76,15%. SNP yang sulit dicapai adalah standar kompetensi lulusan, ketenagaan, sarana dan prasarana. Variabel standar isi, ketenagaan, sarana dan prasarana, pembiayaan, pengelolaan, penilaian, mempunyai hubungan yang positif yang besarnya bervariasi ter-hadap variabel standar proses dan komptensi lulusan. Kualitas pelayanan untuk SD telah mencapai 87,4%, SMP 82,6%, Urutan prioritas dalam me-ningkatkan kompetensi lulusan, dilakukan dengan meningkatkan kualitas standar ketenagaan, isi, sarana dan prasarana, pengelolaan, penilaian, proses dan pembiayaan meskipun terdapat berbagai hambatan yang dialami sekolah.

Kata kunci: trend, kualitas, standar nasional

______________________________________________________________

QUALITY EVALUATION OF EDUCATION TREND IN INDONESIA

Abstract The research aims to obtain information about the response and the feasibility of education unit to the application in eight national standards, the trendof the quantity and quality of education, school accreditation status, the level of compliance with national education standards, and ratio-nal responses to the eight national standard, a sequence of eight national standards that should be achieved, the national standard that is difficult to achieve, the level of student satisfaction with the school service and ob-stacles in achieving national education standards. The research method used was a Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and documentation. FGD data were analyzed qualitatively and distributed instrument data results were analyzed quantitatively.The results showed every educational unit responses positively and appropriately to implement national education standards. Quality and percentage of graduates tend to increase, but still in the range of values 7.1. The percentage of graduates tends to grow up close to 99%. The number of accredited schools is mostly in B. The level of compliance of eight national standards for SD is 73.55%, Junior high school is 85.97%, SMA is 77.07%, and SMK is 76.15%. National education standards which are difficult to achieve are competency standards, work-force, facilities and infrastructure. Variable content standards, energy, infra-structure, finance, management, and appraisal have positive relation whose the amount varies with the standard variable process and competency of graduates. Service quality for primary schools has reached 87.4%, and junior high schools reached 82.6%. The priority to improve graduate competency was done through improving standard of content, facilities, management, assessment, process, and budgeting in spite of many obstac-les faced by schools.

Keywords: trend, quality, national standard


Full Text: FULL TEXT PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons License
Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan by http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jpep is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

site stats
View Journal Stats